We tend to think early civilizations were primitive, undeveloped and unsophisticated. When we see the ruins and archeological artifacts, we say: “How did they do this thousands of years ago?” We somehow decided that ancient people were less capable, but is it really true?
Of course humans kept advancing technology, which advanced our society tremendously. Today we live in the far “smarter” environment compared to our ancestors. But it’s rather our collective achievement. What about individual peoples’ ability? It may well be the case that ancient people had much stronger physical, sensorial and cognitive abilities because they had little technology to rely on to accomplish any tasks. They only had their body to face harsh nature and various threats.
If we were suddenly thrown in Teotihuacan with no heavy machines, no vehicles or no computers, what could we build to accommodate the population over 100,000? What kind of social system could we introduce? What would we be drawing and crafting when there were no knives, no chisels, no screws, no papers, no pencils, no brushes, no paints, not to mention no cameras nor CAD? Could we outperform the people of Teotihuacan?
God of death.
Statues of the Feathered Serpent.
God of fire.